Physiological Chains – Method Busquet


Physiological chains constitute an anatomical and physiological reading of the human body. It is neither theory, nor philosophy.

Leopold Busquet works as physiotherapist since 1968 and osteopath since 1979. He used to teach at the Sutherland college of osteopathic medicine until 1992. Then, he needed to put things into perpective (or to take distance)and completely commit (or invest himself) to the work of integrating, synthesizing and bringing coherency to everything he learned. It had become clear that the body’s functioning could be decoded at all levels within a system of chains and this had served as a driving force for me over the preceding decades.

Modern medicine advances towards specialisation. While this is a source of progress, it also presents the patient as a collection of compartments. The “Busquet Methode” integrate the anatomy of the whole body, from head to toes vawing the relationship content- container between the musculoskeletal and the visceral. This chains method accentuates the interrelations between all parts of the body, unifying it through the most thorough manual examination possible and treatment with a holistic vision.

The chains method is not focused on treating illnesses – that is a medical matter – but rather upon treating dysfunctions for re-establishing the necessary functional balance in order to reinvigorate the patient’s health.


The body is a genetically programmed organisation. Its programme is based on anatomy and physiology

Physiological chains constitute the anatomical circuits that govern static and dynamic posturing as well as compensations.
There are two types of chains :

Static or conjunctive chains :

  • the musculoskeletal static chain
  • the neurovascular static chain
  • the static visceral chain

Dynamic or muscular chains :

  • flexion muscular chains
  • extensor muscular chains
  • open crossed muscle chains
  • closed crossed muscle chains

Against this backdrop of a methodical anatomy, the organisation adheres to the programme laid down through physiology associated with automatic systems of regulation and rebalancing:

  • proprioceptivity, or musculoskeletal rebalancing;
  • homeostasis, or organic rebalancing.

The basic programme is genetically configured in order to ensure proper functioning and good health.


Treat dysfunctions

Dysfunctions appear when the physiological balance, which is usually self-regulating, is disturbed by tensions. Tensions arise upon one or several chains and disrupt harmonious functioning.

The purpose of treatment is to release the tensions within the different chains to facilitate the organism’s recovery of its natural functioning. This treatment respects the physiology of every age, whether babies or adults, athletes or sedentary individuals, and the elderly.

The so-called chains method treats dysfunctions. It does not treat pathology. In the case of hereditary problems, significant trauma, pathologies, the purpose of the method is simply to relieve the patient and to improve the patient’s functioning in keeping within the limits of their potential




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